What philosophical conclusions have Acharyas preached based on Brahma-sutra?

Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura

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– What philosophical conclusions have the Acharyas preached based on the Brahma-sutra?

– The statements of the Upanisads are called Vedanta. To properly explain the Vedanta, Sri Vedavyasa divided it into 4 chapters and composed sutras called the Brahma-sutra or the Vedanta-sutra. The Vedanta-sutra has been widely respected by the intellectual people of the world.

The simple conclusion is that the instructions found in the Vedanta-sutra are the true purport of the Vedas.

Different Acharyas have extracted different conclusions from the Vedanta-sutra, which nourish their own philosophies. Sri Sankaracharya preached the philosophy of vivarta-vada from these sutras. He said that Brahman becomes transformed and is no longer Brahman, and so the philosophy oа parinama-vada [the theory of transformation] is not proper, but the philosophy of vivarta-vada is certainly proper. Another name of vivarta-vada is Mayavada. He gathered necessary Vedic mantras and nourished his philosophy of vivarta-vada. From this, it appears that the philosophy of parinama-vada was current a long time ago. By establishing the philosophy of vivarta-vada, Sri Sankara suppressed the philosophy of parinama-vada.

Vivarta-vada is a theory; not being satisfied with this theory, Sriman Madhvacharya established dvaita-vada with the support of Vedic mantras.

In the same way, with the support of Vedic mantras, Srimad Ramanujacharya established the philosophy of visistadvaita-vada, Sri Nimbadityacharya established the philosophy of dvaitadvaita-vada, and Sri Vishnu Swami established the philosophy of suddhadvaita-vada.

The Mayavada philosophy preached by Sri Sankaracharya is totally opposed to the science of devotional service. In spite of establishing and propagating separate philosophies, the conclusions of the four Vaishnava Acharyas are in accordance with devotional service.

Sriman Mahaprabhu extracted the conclusion of all Vedic statements while respecting the philosophies of the four Vaishnava Acharyas and taught that philosophy to His followers. The name of His philosophy is
acintya-bhedabheda-tattva. Even though He accepted the sampradaya of Sriman Madhvacharya, He only accepted the essence of Madhvacharya’s philosophy. (Jaiva Dharma Chapter 18)

– Is Vedanta-sutra impersonal knowledge?

– No. In all respects Vedanta is philosophy that aims at devotional service to the Lord. (Tattva-viveka)

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Natural Brotherhood (Bhaktivinoda Thakura):

BhaktiVinoda Thakura

"Gradually, when the offensive portions of the established religions are destroyed, there will be no more differences in the bhajana performed by the various Sampradayas nor any quarrel between them.

Then as brothers, the people of all castes and countries will spontaneously chant the Holy Names of the Supreme Lord together.

At that time, no one will hate anyone or consider others dogeaters; nor will anyone be overwhelmed by the pride of high birth.

The living entities will not forget the principle of natural brotherhood."

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